roughly  /ˈrʌfli/  adverb

1 : not exactly but close in number, quality, meaning, etc.

  • Roughly translated, it means “hurry up!”
  • The new product is modeled roughly on an earlier design.
  • Roughly 20 percent of our land is farmland.

2 a : in a way that is not gentle or careful

  • He threw the package roughly in the truck.
  • The guard told us roughly that we had to stand back.
  • He pushed her roughly.

2 b : in a very simple or basic way

  • roughly built shelter
  • roughly sketched drawings

2 c : in a way that produces a rough surface

  • roughly cut timber